The emperor penguin is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica. The male and female are similar in plumage and size.
The Galápagos penguin lives in the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. It is the only penguin found north of the equator. The Galápagos penguin is one of the banded penguins, the other species of which live mostly on the coasts of Africa and mainland South America.